The Princess and the Pea (Andersen)

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The Princess on the Pea
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Summary of the Fairy Tale
Microsummary: A prince sought a genuine princess to marry. A soaked girl arrived, claiming royalty. Tested by sleeping on a pea under many layers, her sensitivity proved her status, and they wed.

Once upon a time, a prince wanted to marry a real princess. He traveled the world to find one, but he couldn't be sure if any of the princesses he met were genuine. Disappointed, he returned home.

The Prince — young, determined, and searching for a real princess to marry; kind-hearted and genuine.

One stormy night, a young woman arrived at the castle, claiming to be a real princess. She was soaked from the rain and looked disheveled.

The Princess — young woman claiming to be a real princess; sensitive, delicate, and affected by the pea under the mattresses.

The queen, wanting to test the young woman's claim, devised a plan.

The Queen — wise, cunning, and tests the Princess's authenticity; protective of her son, the Prince.

She removed all the bedding from a bed and placed a single pea at the bottom. Then, she stacked twenty mattresses and twenty quilts on top of the pea.

The princess slept on this bed for the night. In the morning, she complained about her terrible sleep, saying she felt something hard in the bed that left her black and blue.

'Goodness knows what was in my bed. I lay upon something hard, so that I am black and blue all over. It is quite dreadful!'

The queen, prince, and others at the castle realized that only a real princess could be sensitive enough to feel the pea through all those layers.

'No one but a real princess could be so tender-skinned.'

Convinced of her authenticity, the prince married the princess. The pea was later placed in a museum as a testament to the story.